ENCH 445: Separation Processes

     Instructor: Douglas D. Frey



Welcome to the webpage for the course ENCH 445 (Separation Processes) at UMBC. The information on this webpage is either in the public domain or complies with the fair use doctrine, and is therefore freely available for educational purposes to anyone interested in the field of separation processes. Enjoy your visit!


General Information:

         Syllabus, Course Goals, Regrading Policy, and Statement on Academic Conduct

         Detailed Reading Assignments

         ABET-Related Objectives, Outcomes, and Assessments 


Professor Frey's Separation Processes WebBook:

         Chapter 1: Basic Concepts

         Chapter 2: Numerical Methods

         Chapter 3: Use of Excel and Matlab for Numerical Computations

         Chapter 4: Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibrium

         Chapter 5 (part 1): Single-Stage Equilibrium Processes

         Chapter 5 (part 2): Degree of Freedom Analysis and Description Rule Applied to a Single-Stage Flash Process

         Chapter 5 (part 3): Introduction to ChemSep and COCO

         Chapter 6: Staging and Steam Heating in Separation Processes

         Chapter 7: Binary Distillation

         Chapter 8: Multicomponent Distillation

         Chapter 9: Absorption, Stripping, and Extraction

         Chapter 10: Capacity and Stage Efficiency

         Chapter 11: Continuous Contactors

         Chapter 12: Membrane Processes

         Chapter 13: Adsorption and Chromatography

         Chapter 14: Spray Drying, Freeze Drying, and Lyophilization

         Chapter 15: Selection of Separation Processes

         Chapter 16: Selection of Solvents for Solvent Extraction  



      Tutorials on Distillation, Absorption, Stripping, and Related Processes:

      Tutorials on Steam Heating, Heat Exchangers, and Steam Traps:

      Tutorials on the Description Rule:

      Tutorial on Experienced-Based Rules in Chemical Engineering:

  • Experienced-Based Rules in Chemical Engineering. This article, which comes from the Cheresources.com website, summarizes many "rules of thumb" in the area of chemical process design, including the design of separation processes. It is a summary of the contents of the textbooks on this subject by S. M. Walas, Richard Turton, Carl R. Branan, and Christopher Haslego. The content of this article is also available in a very handy Excel spreadsheet which you can obtain here.

      Tutorials on Adsorption:

      Tutorials on Drying and Evaporation:

      Tutorials on Software:

Websites for Companies Involved in Separation Processes:

Databases and Libraries:

Useful Free Software:

  • ChemSep-LITE.   This free version of ChemSep, called ChemSep-LITE, simulates multicomponent distillation, absorption, stripping, liquid-liquid extraction, and single-stage flash processes and was developed by Ross Taylor at Clarkson University and Harry Kooijman at Shell Global Solutions International. Be sure to also look at the rest of the ChemSep website, which contains lots of interesting information. ChemSep is a CAPE-OPEN (Computer Aided Process Engineering Open Source) compliant software program and is part of the COCO (CAPE OPEN to CAPE OPEN) suite of free software described in the next link.
  • COCO.   COCO (CAPE OPEN to CAPE OPEN) is a suite of free computer aided process engineering software programs that includes COFE (CAPE OPEN Flowsheet Enviroment), CORN (CAPE OPEN Reaction Numerics), ChemSep as described in the previous link, and many other components. For maximum software stability, you should uninstall any previous versions of ChemSep on your computer before you install COCO so you have only one copy of ChemSep on your computer. COCO is an example of the newest generation of software for computer aided process engineering which consists of "plug and play" components that are to a largely free.
  • Octave.  An open-source free MATLAB clone originally developed at the University of Wisconsin
  • EASY-FIT and EASY-OPT.   These programs for nonlinear optimization and data fitting are available for free from the website of Professor Klaus Schittkowski at the University of Bayreuth.  
  • CADIX.  This computer-assisted design software for ion exchange processes was developed by DOW.
  • Pressure Swing Adsorption Calculator.   This software for designing pressure swing adsorption processes was developed by James Ritter at the University of South Carolina.
  • Dynamic Simulation of Multicomponent Distillation.  An Excel spreadsheet developed by Douglas Frey at UMBC which simulates the time-dependent approach to steady state of a multicomponent distillation column when the plate compositions are initially set at arbitrary values.  This software also provides a convenient way to solve the multicomponent steady-state "operating problem" by simulating the approach to steady state.

Other Useful Websites, Including Other On-line Separations Courses:

Online Books:

  • Separation Processes, 2nd ed.  This is the link to the free on-line version of the classic book on separation processes by C. Judson King. The paperback version of this textbook is published by Dover and is well worth purchasing as a low-cost supplementary textbook in a separation processes course. It is available from Amazon and similar sites.

Online Books for Fun:

  • The Art of Distillation.  This book is a little old.  Actually, it was originally published in the year 1651 by the alchemist John French.
  • The Home Distillation Handbook.  For the home hobbyist.  But be careful, the procedures described in this book are illegal to do in the U.S.