Lesson 2.3 (page 1 of 1)

The Nisba Adjective:

The Nisba is a common suffix to form adjectives of relation or pertinence. The suffix is -iyy-for masculine and -iyyah- for feminine gender (in other words, it is -iyy- and is inserted before the gender marker).

Click on the sound symbol to listen to the pronunciation of each sentence.

The teacher is Arabic
The student is American
They are Lebanese

A construction noun + nisba-adjective is often equivalent to nominal composition in Indo-European languages.

In formal Arabic, the shedda on the Nisba ending is clearly pronounced, but in spoken Arabic it is not normally pronounced in the masculine.