Free -- Job Aids
These Job Aids provide a
brief overview of each
area of The
Culture Based Model. The Job
Aids contain checklists and
brief overviews of the
here to download "all"
listed below. Or click on
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Culture Based Model Overview
What is the Culture Based Model?
The Culture Based Model (CBM) is a
framework for the design of culture-based
information and communication technologies
(ICT). Culture-based refers to
culture-neutral and culture-specific
designs. CBM has 8 areas aligned with the
acronym ID-TABLET (Inquiry, Development,
Team, Assessments, Brainstorming,
Learners, Elements, Training). There are a
total of 70 design factors with additional
subfactors not included in this total.
monitors the development process
provides the management
structure for problem solving
aids in recruiting a culturally sensitive
direction to proceed
centers on the needs of learners and
facilitates content development
aids in educating
Where Did CBM Come From?
Traditionally, instructional design models
have been based on learning theories.
However, CBM evolved from an empirical
study of instructional products designed
by and for African Americans. A treasure
of themes and concepts related to culture
were found in these materials and were
classified as cultural remnants. Cultural
remnants are the racial, ethnic, cultural,
linguistic, political, social, historical,
educational, and economic artifacts
embedded in discourses. The cultural
remnants found in these instructional
products were generalized to meet the
design needs of cross-cultural audiences,
and this translation resulted in CBM
(Young, 1999; Young, 2008).
How does CBM work?
CBM builds a framework for the design,
development, management, and assessment of
products. This framework begins with
identifying the goal of the design. These
goals can be classified in one of the
What Can CBM Do?
- create a fictitious virtual world;
- recreate a culture using ICTs;
- model an instructional strategy, task,
- plan the entire design process;
- understand people and societies;
- monitor product development;
- research the culture-based qualities
of a target audience or environment;
- analyze ICTs;
- integrate features of culture
- enhance existing ICTs;
- communicate across cultural contexts;
- manage the design and development
- assess ICTs.
Young, P. A. (2009). Instructional
design frameworks and intercultural
models. Hershey, PA: IGI
Global/Information Science Publishing.