Discovering ways to improve human learning through culture-based information and communication technologies.

Research questions:

 1.     What do the catalysts, use, and outcomes of culture-specific information and communication technologies mean across national and international contexts?

 2.    How effective is Proticy, a learning analytics software system, in the improvement of learning and teaching in higher education?

 3.    What can the history of information and communication technologies in African American contexts contribute to the field of educational technology?

 4.    What is the future of learning in educational technology contexts? How can learning technologies better educate all?


Areas of Specialization

  • Culture-Specific Information and Communication Technologies
  • Culture in Instructional Design & Technology
  • The History of Instructional Design & Technologies made by and for African Americans
  • Race and Ethnicity in Urban Teacher Education

Current Biography

An educational technologist, professor, and software developer, Dr. Young examines culture as a design construct in the development of culture-based information and communication technologies. She also investigates the history of educational technologies designed by and for African Americans. Her research is cited widely in the international literature of instructional design and educational technology (
           Dr. Young’s expertise in Culture and Instructional Design & Technology sets her research contributions apart, and 65% of her publications are single-authored, focusing on the highest impact. She has also published in formative books such as the Handbook of Research on New Literacies (Routledge) and the Handbook of Research on Educational Communications & Technology (Springer). Her single-authored book, Instructional Design Frameworks & Intercultural Models, proposes her original, comprehensive model of culture across disciplines.

          Dr. Young developed the Culture Based Model, a novel framework for building culture-based information and communication technologies. She has documented her model in several articles, and in her book Instructional Design Frameworks & Intercultural Models (Information Science Reference, 2009). She is the first woman and African American to serve on the editorial board of the internationally ranked journal Educational Technology Research and Development. She was also the 2009 recipient of an “outstanding journal article” award from the Design & Development Division of the Association for Educational Communications & Technology for her conceptual research, “Integrating Culture in the Design of ICTs.”

         More than an educational theorist, Dr. Patricia A. Young is also a practitioner. Her work as an educational technologist evolved from her BFA at New York Institute of Technology in television and film production. Later as a classroom teacher, she taught kindergarten and second grade, and her range of college teaching beyond UMBC includes education departments at Howard University, the University of Pittsburgh, and Kaifeng, Henan, China. Honing her media experience and literacy education, her doctoral research at the University of California Berkeley focused on African American contributions to the field of educational technology, a research interest she continues to this day. Dr. Young has combined her theoretical expertise and real-world experience, publishing numerous refereed articles in journals such as Artificial Intelligence and Society; British Journal of Educational Technology; Journal of Educational Technology & Society; Journal of Language, Identity and Education; Race, Ethnicity & Education; and the Journal of African American Studies.
            Dr. Young built an original learning analytics software program, Proticy, to improve teaching and learning in higher education.
            She is currently at work on a book focusing on human specialization.



Edited Works:


Young, P. A. & Asino, T. A. (2016-Present) (Section Editors-Cultural & Regional Perspectives). In J. M. Spector, B. B. Lockee & M. D. Childress (Eds.), Learning, Design and Technology: An international compendium of theory, research, practice and policy in support of education and performance systems: Springer.


Young, P. A. (2014-Present). Editor of the Cultural & Regional Perspectives Section. In J. M. Spector, T. Johnson & P. A. Young (Eds.), Educational Technology Research and Development Journal: Springer.






1000 HILLTOP CIRCLE, BALTIMORE, MD 21250 (410) 455-3902

UPDATED August, 2019