African-American Women's Identity: A Bibliography

compiled by Xeturah Monique Woodley and Dr. Carmen Williams (1994)

The majority of the items included in the bibliography deal with either gender identity or racial identity, very few dealt with gender and race as they related to Black women specifically. However, we feel that it is necessary to include all of these articles/chapters in our writing and research. This bibliography is not offered as the SOLE bibliography on Black women's identity, instead is being offered as a starting point for researchers interested in issues relative to African-American female identity.
     -- X. M. Woodley, woodleyx @ mscd.edu


Andersen, M. "Studying across difference: Race, class, and gender in qualitative research" in Stanfield, J. & Dennis, R. eds. Race and ethnicity in research methods, Newbury Park, CA: Sage publications, 1993, pp.39-52.

Bell-Scott, P. Life notes: Personal writing by contemporary Black women, xxx:W.W. Norton, 1993?.

Benjamin, M. A Question of identity: women science. and literature, New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers Univ. Press, c1993.

Blumberg, R. "Afterword: Racial ethnic women's labor: Factoring in gender stratification'' in Rae L. Blumber, Ed. Gender. family. and economy: The triple overlap, Newbury Park, CA: Sage publications, 1991, pp.201-208.

Butler, J. & Scott, J. Feminists Theorize the political, New York: Routledge, 1992.

Cannon,L, Higginbotham, E, & Leung, M. "Race and class bias in qualitative research on women" Lober, J. & Farrell, S. eds. The Social construction of gender. Newbury Park, CA: Sage publications, 1991, pp.237-248.

Collins, P. "The sexual politics of Black womanhood" in Bart, P. & Moran, E. eds. Violence against women: The bloody footprints. A gender & society reader, Newbury Park, CA: Sage publications, 1993, pp.85-104.

Conference on the History of Women. Woman ' s being. woman ' s place: Female identity and vocation in American History, Boston: Hall, 1979.

Cross, W.E. "Models of Psychological nigrescence: A literature review" in R.L. Jones ed. Black Psychology 2nd. ed., New York: Harper & Row, pp.81-98.

Dugger, K. "Social location and gender role attitudes: A comparison on Black and White women" in Lober, J. & Farrell, S. eds. The Social construction of gender. Newbury Park, CA: Sage publications, 1991, pp.38-59.

Gay, G. & Baber, W. eds. Expressively Black: The cultural basis of ethnic Identity, New York: Praeger Publishers, 1987.

Gergen, M. & Gergen, K. "Narratives of the gendered body in popular autobiography" in Josselson, R. & Lieblich, A. The narrative study of lives Vol. 1, Newbury Park, CA, 1993, pp.191-218.

Glenn, E. "Racial ethnic women's labor: The intersection of race, gender, and class oppression" in Rae L. Blumber, Ed. Gender. family. and economy: The triple overlap, Newbury Park, CA: Sage publications, 1991, pp.173-201.

Hall, C., Evans, B. & Salice, S. Black females in the United States: A bibliography from 1967 to 1987, Washington, D.C.: APA,1989.

Harrison, A. "Black working women: introduction to a life span perspective" in R. L. Jones Black adult development and aging, Berkeley: Cobb & Henry Publishers, 1989, pp.91-115.

Kissen, M. "Gender and superego development" in Morten Kissen ed. Gender and psychoanalytic treatment, New York: Brunner/Mazel, Inc., 1992, pp.48-58.

Malveaux, J. "Gender difference and beyond: An economic perspective on diversity and communality among women" in Deborah L. Rhodes, ed. Theoretical perspectives on sexual difference, New Haven: Yale Un. Press, 1990, pp.226-238.

Pierce, C. & Prodit, W. "Homoracial and heteroracial behavior in the United States" in Samuel Okpaku ed. Mental health in African and the Americas today: A book of conference proceedings, Nashville: Chrisolith Books, 1991, pp.257-264.

Stoller, R. "The sense of femaleness" in Claudia Zanardied. Essential papers on the psychology of women, New York: New York Univ. Press, 1990, pp.278-289.

Trotman, F. "Group therapy with Black women" in Claire Brody ed. Women's therapy groups: Paradigms of feminist treatment, New York: Springer Publishing Co., Inc., 1987, pp. l 18-131.

Turner, C. "Feminist practice with women of color: A developmental perspective" in Mary Bricker-Jenkins ed. Feminist social work practice in clinical settings, Newbury Park, CA: Sage publications, 1991, pp.108- 127.

Wallace, M. Black Macho and the myth of the Superwoman, New York: Verso, 1979.

Ward, J. "Racial identity formation and transformation" in Gilligan, C., Lyons, N. & Hammer, T. eds. Making connections: the relational worlds of adolescent girls at Emma Willard School. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1990, pp. 215-232.

Whitehead, T. & Reid, B. eds. Gender constructs and special issues, Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1992.


Banyiwa-Horne, N. "The scary face of the self: An analysis of the character of Sula in Toni Morrison's Sula" SAGE: A Scholarly Journal on Black women, Spr. 1985 v.2 n. l, pg. 28.

Baumbach, J., & Turner, L. "Female gender disorder: A new model and clinical applications" Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality 1992, v.5 n.4 pg. 107.

Benjamin, L. & Stewart, J. "The self-concept of Black and White women: The influences upon its formation of welfare dependency, work effort, family networks, and illnesses" American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Apr.1989 v.48 n.2, pg.165.

Boyd-Franklin, N. "Group therapy for Black women: a therapeutic support model" American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, Jol. 1987 v.57 n.3, pg 394.

Brown-Collins, A. & Sussewell, D. "The Afro-American woman's emerging selves" in Journal of Black Psychology, Aug. 1986 v.13 n. l, pg. 1.

Collins, P. "The social construction of Black feminist thought" Signs, Sum. 1989 v.14 n.4, pg. 745.

"Learning from the outsider within: The sociological significance of Black feminist thought" Social Problems, Oct-Dec. 1986 v.33 n.6, pg S14.

Davenport, D. & J. Yurich "Multicultural gender issues," Journal of Counseling and Development, Sept./Oct. 1991 v.70n.1, pg.64.

Davies, C. "Mothering and healing in recent Black women's fiction" Sage: A scholarlv Journal on Black women, Spr. 1985 v.2 n. l, pg.41.

Dugger, K. "Social location and gender-role attitudes: A comparison of Black and White women" Gender and Society, Dec. 1988 v.2 n.4, pg 425.

Flitterman-Lewis, S. "Imitation(s) of Life: The Black women's double determination as troubling "other"" Literature and Psychology 1988, v.34 n.4, pg. 44.

Gainor, K. "Internalized oppression as a barrier to effective group work with Black women" Journal for Specialists in Group work, Nov. 1992 v.17 n.4, pg 235.

Gooley, R. "The role of black women in Social Change" Western Journal of Black Studies, Win. 1989 v.13 n.4, pg. 165.

Gutierrez, L. "Working with women of color: An empowerment perspective" Social Work, Mar. 1990, v.35 n.4, pg.l65.

Haw, K. "Interactions of gender and race--a problem for teachers? A review of the emerging literature" Educational Research, Spr. 1991, v.33 n.l, pgl2.

Harris, D. "A cultural model for assessing the growth and development of the African American female" Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development. Oct. 1992 v.20 n.4, pg.l58.

Hatch, L. "Informal support patterns of older African-American and White women" Research on Aging, June 1991 v.13 n.2, pp.144-170.

Hoare, C. "Psychosocial identity development and cultural others" Journal of Counseling and Development, Sept/Oct. 1991 v.70 n.l, pg.45.

Hopkins, L. "Assessment of identity status in college women using outer space and inner space interviews" Sex Roles, May 1982 v.8 n.5, pg.557.

Howard-Vital, M. "African-American Women in Higher Education: Struggling to gain identity" Journal of Black Studies, Dec. 01,1989 v.20 n.2, pg. 180.

Martin, J. & G. Hall "Thinking Black, thinking internal, thinking feminist", in Journal of Counseling Psychology, Oct. 1992 v.39 n.4, pg.509.

McGown, K & Hart, L. "Still different after all these years: Gender differences in professional identity formation" Professional Psychology Research and Practice Apr. 1990v.21 n.2, pg.ll8.

Myers, L. "A therapeutic model for transcending oppression: A Black Feminist perspective" Women and Therapy, Win. 1986 v.5 n.4 pg39.

Okazawa-Rey, M., Robinson, T. & Ward, J. "Black women and the politics of skin color and hair" Women and Therapy, Spr./Sum. 1987 v.6 n. l/2, pg.89.

Parham, T. "Own group preferences as a function of self affirmation: A reaction to Penn et al" Journal of Black Psychology, Aug.1993, v. l9 n.3, pg.336.

"Cycles of Psychological Nigrescence" Counseling Psychologist, Apr. 1989 v.l7n.2,pg. 187.

Parham, T. & P. Williams "The relationship of demographic and background factors to racial identity attitudes" Journal of Black Psychology, Feb. 1993 v. l9 n. l, pg.7.

Phetterson, G. "Alliances between women: Overcoming internalized oppression and internalized domination" Signs, Fal.1986 v.12 n. l, pg.146.

Phinney, J. "Stages of ethnic identity development in minority Group adolescents" Journal of Early Adolescence, Feb./Mar. 1989 v.9 n. l, pg. 34.

Pinderhughes, E. "Minority women: A nodal position in the functioning of the social system" Family Therapy Collections 1986 n.16, pg.51.

Pyant, C. & Yanico, B. "Relationship of Racial identity and gender-role attitudes to Black women's psychological well-being", in Journal of Counseling Psychology, July 1991, v.38 n.3 pg.315.

Richards, A. "The influence of sphincter control and genital sensation on body image and gender identity in women" Psychoanalytic Ouarterly, July. 1992 v.61 n.3, pg. 331.

Robinson, T. & J. Ward "A belief in self far greater than anyone's disbelief" :Cultivating resistance among African-American female adolescents" in Women and Therapy 1991, v. 11 n.3/4, pg.87.

Rozee-Koker, P., Dansby, P., & Wallston, B. "In Search of a cross-racial female identity: the quest for commonality" Academic Psychology Bulletin, Win.1985 v.7 n.3, pg

Shaffer, D., Pegalis, L.& Cornell, D. "Interactive effects of social context and sex role identity on female self-disclosure during the acquaintance process" Sex Roles, Jan. 1991 v.24 n.1/2, pg l .

Smith, L., Gurlew, A., & Lundgren, D. "Black consciousness, self-esteem, and satisfaction with physical appearance among African-American female college students" Journal of Black Studies, Dec.1991, v.22 n.2, pg269.

Taub, D. & McEwen, M.. "The relationship of racial identity attitudes to autonomy and mature interpersonal relationships in Black and White undergraduate women" Journal of College Student Development, Sept. 1992 v .35 n.5, pg.439.

Tyson, P. "Female Psychological development" Annual of Psychoanalysis 1986, v.14 pg.357.

Van-der-Kwaak, A. "Female circumcision and gender identity: A questionable alliance?" Social Science and Medicine, Sept. 1992 v.35 n.6, pg. 777.

Wallace, K. "Women and identity: A Black Francophone female perspective" SAGE: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women, Spr. 1985 v.2 n.1, pg. 19.

White, C. "Ethnic role identity among Black and White college students: an interactionist approach", in Sociological Perspective, July. 1987 v.30 n.3, pg. 310.

Wolf, Charlotte. "Legitimation of oppression: Response and reflexivity" Symbolic Interaction, Fal. 1986 v.9 n.2 pg. .217.

Wright, M. "African American sisterhood: The impact of the female slave population on American political movements" Western Journal of Black Studies, Spr. 1991 v.15 n.1.

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