I am absolutely convinced of the fact that those who once lived on earth can and do communicate with us. It is hardly possible to convey to the inexperienced an adequate idea of the strength and cumulative force of the evidence.

Sir William Barrett, FRS

Carlos S. ALVARADO Ph.D.

Carlos S. Alvarado Ph.D.

Past president (1995) and President-Elect (2002-2003) of the Parapsychological Association. Conducted research on the psychology and the features of OBE experiences (and other parapsychological phenomena) in Puerto Rico, Scotland and in the US. Alvarado is also known for his reviews of the historical literature of the field. He is currently working at the Parapsychology Foundation, where he is the Chairman of Domestic and International Programs, the series editor of the Foundation's Parapsychological Monographs and the Associate Editor of the International Journal of Parapsychology.


The Concept of Survival of Bodily Death and the Development of Parapsychology (click here)



Literary critic and little-known writer on mediumistic and psychical phenomena. His most famous work on psychical research, "The Supernormal," was published in 1933. In it Barnard attempts to establish a strong case for the extension of the living personality to explain the apparent evidence for survival.


Hypnotism (click here)

Personality and the Unconscious Mind (click here)

Materializations (click here)

Mediumship and its Investigation (click here)

Cryptaesthesia (click here)

The Survival of the Personality (click here)

Sir William BARRETT

Sir William Barrett FRS

Professor of Physics at the Royal College of Science for Dublin from 1873-1910 and one of the distinguished early psychical researchers. In fact, it was Barrett who first initiated the founding of both the American and British Society for Psychical Research.


Eusapia Paladino (click here)

Human Personality: The Subliminal Self (click here)

Psychology of Trance Phenomena (click here)

Some Reminiscences of Fifty Years' Psychical Research (click here)

Suggestions for Investigators in Conducting Psychical Experiments (click here)

Prof. Stephen BRAUDE

Stephen Braude

Professor of Philosophy and Chairman of the Philosophy Department at the University of Maryland Baltimore County. Studied Philosophy and English at Oberlin College and the University of London, and in 1971 he received his Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. His latest book "Immortal Remains" examines the evidence for survival of bodily death.


Survival or Super-psi? (click here)

Survival or Super-psi? A Response to Montague Keen and Prof. Peter Wadhams (click here)

A Further Response to Montague Keen (click here)

Out of Body Experiences and Survival After Death (click here)

Book Review of Trevor H. Hall's "The Enigma of Daniel D. Home" (click here)

Prof. C. D. BROAD

C. D. Broad

Professor of Philosophy at Trinity in 1923. In 1926 he became Lecturer in Moral Science, and served as Knightbridge Professor of Moral Philosophy from 1935 to 1953. He had Fellowships and honorary degrees in several countries. President of the Society for Psychical Research 1935-6 and 1958-60.


The Relevance of Psychical Research to Philosophy (click here)

Henry Sidgwick and Psychical Research (click here)

Normal Cognition, Clairvoyance and Telepathy (click here)

Empirical Arguments for Human Survival  (click here)

Prof. Hans DRIESCH

German embryologist and professor of philosophy who was one of the last advocates of vitalism, the theory that life is directed by a vital principle and cannot be explained solely in terms of chemical and physical processes - a theory which he termed 'entelechy'. President of the Society for Psychical Research from 1926 to 1927.


The Possibility of Deception in Psychical Research (click here)

The Forms of Possible Deception in Psychical Research (click here)

Possibilities of Deception in Spontaneous Observation (click here)

Possibilities of Deception in Anticipatory Observation  (click here)

Precautions in Experiment (click here)

Inadequate Precautions (click here)

Exaggerated Suspiciousness  (click here)

Prof. William JAMES

Professor of psychology at Harvard University, taught physiology and philosophy. One of the founders of the American SPR, president of the SPR from 1894-5 and vice-president from 1890-1910. After a personal investigation of Leonora Piper's mediumship he famously stated, "I am absolutely certain that she knows things in her trances which she cannot possibly have heard in her waking state."


What Psychical Research has Accomplished (click here)

On Mediumship (click here)

Hypnotism (click here)

The Scole of Psychology (click here)

The Final Impressions of a Psychical Researcher (click here)

Dr. Raynor. C. JOHNSON


Obtained a First Class in the final Honour School of Natural Science, then worked under Professor T. R. Merton, FRS, in the field of spectroscopy, and continued this research at the Queen's University of Belfast, where he was appointed Lecturer in Physics in 1923. In 1927 he left Belfast for a Lectureship in the University of London, King's College. He was awarded the Doctorate in Science of this University. In 1934 he was appointed Master of Queen's College in the University of Melbourne.


Telepathy and Clairvoyance (click here)

Apparitions and Hauntings (click here)

Experience outside the Body (click here)

Materialisation, Psycho-kinesis and Poltergeist Phenomena (click here)

The Complex Structure of Man (click here)

Survival of Death: The Problem (click here)

Montague KEEN

Montague Keen

Journalist, agricultural administrator, magazine editor and farmer. A member of the Council of the Society for Psychical Research for 55 years, chairman of its Image and Publicity Committee and secretary of its Survival Research Committee, he was principal investigator of the Scole Group of physical mediums, and author of the Scole Report, published in the Proceedings of the SPR (Vol 54 Pt 220) in 1999 with his co-investigators Professors Arthur Ellison and David Fontana.


The Scole Investigation: A Study in Critical Analysis of Paranormal Physical Phenomena (click here)

Super-psi or Survival? A Response to Prof. Stephen Braude (click here)

A Further Response to Prof. Stephen Braude (click here)


Arthur Koestler

Hungarian born British novelist, journalist, and critic, best known for his novel "Darkness at Noon" (1940). In 1929 he was transferred to Paris, a year later to Berlin where he became science editor of Vossische Zeitung and foreign editor of B.Z. am Mittag. Since 1956 he focused on mainly questions of science and parapsychology, especially telepathy and extrasensory perception. In his will Koestler left his entire property to found a Chair of Parapsychology at the Edinburgh University.


The ABC of ESP (click here)

The Perversity of Physics (click here)

The Country of the Blind (click here)

Sir Oliver LODGE

Sir Oliver Lodge FRS

President of the Radio Society, Physical Society, British Society, Society for Psychical Research and Rontgen Society. Professor of Physics in the University of Liverpool, Principal of the University of Birmingham. Knighted. Sent a radio message one year before Marconi.


In Memory of Prof. Frederic W. H. Myers (click here)

Psychic Science (click here)

The Mode of Future Existence (click here)

What Science Means For Man (click here)

The Possibility of Survival from a Scientific Point of View (click here)

The Mechanism of Survival (click here)

Problems Raised by the Idea of Survival (click here)

On the Asserted Difficulty of the Spiritualistic Hypothesis from a Scientific Point of View (click here)

Gardner MURPHY

Gardner Murphy

Of Columbia University, Hodgson Fellow in Psychical Research at Harvard from 1922-25, initiated the first telepathic experiments through wireless in Chicago and Newark, discusses his three years work in the Clark University's Symposium under the title: "Telepathy as an Experimental Problem". He found that the vast majority of results were amenable to coincidences but marked exceptions remained unexplained.


Reflection and Comment (on Abnormal Psychology) (click here)

Prof. Frederic W. H. MYERS

Frederic W. H. Myers

Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, and classical scholar of the nineteenth century. Distinguished psychical researcher and author of "Human Personality and its Survival of Bodily Death." In 1882 he joined with Henry Sidgwick, William Barrett, and Edmund Gurney to form the Society for Psychical Research.


Science and a Future Life (click here)

Introduction to "Human Personality" (click here)

Phantasms of the Dead (click here)

Motor Automatism (click here)

Trance, Possession and Ecstasy (click here)


Well-known psychical investigator and distinguished author. Elected to the Council of the SPR in 1882 and served for an unbroken period of 27 years. For eight or nine years he held, jointly with Frederick Myers, the office of the honorary secretary. He was a collaborator with Myers and Edmund Gurney in "Phantasms of the Living".


Mesmer and his Disciples (click here)

The Second French Commission (click here)

Spiritualism in France before 1848 (click here)

The German Somnambules (click here)

The English Mesmerists (click here)

Science and Superstition (click here)

General Survey of the Movement (click here)

Dr. Morton PRINCE

Morton Prince

American physician, Boston, M.D. Harvard, 1879. He specialized in neurology and abnormal psychology as a physician in Boston and as a teacher at Tufts (1902-12) and Harvard (1926-28). Founder (1906) and editor of the "Journal of Abnormal Psychology", he was a leading investigator of the pathology of mental disorders. Prince also founded (1927) and directed the Harvard Psychological Clinic, where he was succeeded by his assistant Henry A. Murray. His writings include "The Dissociation of a Personality" (1906), and "The Unconscious" (1914).


The Unconscious (click here)

Walter Franklin PRINCE

Walter Franklin Prince

First drawn to psychical research when, as Rector of All Saints, Pittsburgh, already interested in psychotherapy, he came across 'Doris Fischer' - a girl with multiple personality. In 1916, he became James Hyslop's assistant at the American SPR and did much research work. After he became Research Officer of its Boston counterpart, whose journal he edited. In 1927, during a visit to Europe, he investigated Rudi Schneider.


The Doris Case of Multiple Personality (click here)

Sir J. Arthur THOMSON

Sir J. Arthur Thomson

1861-1933. Professor of Natural History at the University of Aberdeen from 1899 to 1930, Lecturer on Zoology and Biology in the Royal Colleges of Physicians and Surgeons in Edinburgh. Wrote and lectured widely on science, edited "The Outline of Science" (1922), wrote "Riddles of Science" (1936), "What Is Man? (1923), "Science and Religion" (1925), translated August Weismann's "Evolution Theory." Knighted in 1930.


Is Telepathy a Fact? (click here)

What Lies Behind Clairvoyance? (click here)

How Explain Crystal-Gazing? (click here)

Science and Modern Thought (click here)

Dr. Robert H. THOULESS

Robert Thouless

Educated at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, where he was awarded his PhD in 1922. He then went on to become a Lecturer in Psychology at Manchester, in Glasgow, and again in Cambridge. Here he became the Reader in Educational Psychology. He was President of the British Association's Psychology Section in 1937, and published a number of books connected with this subject. President of the SPR from 1942 till 1944.


The Experimental Study of Survival (click here)

The Problem of the Reality of ESP (click here)

The Critics of ESP (click here)

The Beginnings of Psychical Research (click here)

Anecdote and Experiment (click here)


Gerald N. M. Tyrrell

Educated at Haileybury and London University. In 1923 he decided to devote himself entirely to Psychical Research. Wrote several highly acclaimed works. Joined the Society for Psychical Research in 1908 and became President in 1945.


Alternatives to Discarnate Theory (click here)

Attitude to Psychical Research. Part 1 (click here)

Attitude to Psychical Research. Part 2 (click here)

What is Psychical Research? (click here)

What is Science? (click here)

The Significance of the Whole (click here)

The Subliminal Self and the Unconscious (click here)

Psychical Research and Religion (click here)

Alfred Russel WALLACE

Alfred Russel Wallace

English naturalist, evolutionist, geographer, anthropologist, social critic and theorist. Awarded honorary doctorates from the University of Dublin in 1882, Oxford University in 1889, and important medals from the Royal Society in 1868, 1890 and 1908, the Société de Geographie in 1870, and the Linnean Society in 1892 and 1908. Received the Order of Merit from the Crown in 1908.


An Answer to the Arguments of Hume and others against Miracles (click here)

Are the Phenomena of Spiritualism in Harmony with Science? (click here)

Wallace writes to the Scientific Press (click here)

Notes of Personal Evidence (click here)

On the Attitude of Men of Science towards Spiritualism (click here)

Spiritualism and Science (click here)

What are Phantasms? And Why do they Appear? (click here)

The Opposition to Hypnotism and Psychical Research (click here)

Other Articles

Personality and Psychical Research 

- William Brown M.A., M.D., D.Sc.
(click here)


Figures Materialise at Home Circle (Report 1)

- Alan Cleaver

(click here)


Daughter Vouches for Helen Duncan's Séance Voice (Report 2) 

- Alan Cleaver
(click here)


What the Scole Experiment Meant to Me

- Robin Foy
(click here)


The Church of England Investigates Mediumship

- Dr. Cosmo Lang
(click here)

A New Theory on the Creation of the Universe

- Rory Macquisten
(click here)

ESP in the Framework of Modern Science

- Henry Margenau
(click here)


*NEW* Automatic Writing

- Anita Muhl
(click here)


A Field Guide to Skepticism 

- Dean Radin
(click here)

A Rational Explanation for so-called Psychic Phenomena 

- Michael Roll
(click here)


The Discovered Country. A Personal View of the After-life Evidence.

- John Samson

(Click here)


A Call for Balanced Evidence-Based Scepticism

- Prof. Gary Schwartz

(Click here)


Survival or Super-psi? A response to Prof. Stephen Braude

- Prof. Peter Wadhams

(click here)


*NEW* Idiot Savants

- A. F. Tredgold

(click here)


Mediumship: Fraud, Telepathy or Survival?

- Michael E. Tymn

(click here)


Carl Wickland MD

- James Webster

(Click here)


*NEW* Waking Hypnosis

- Wesley R. Wells

(Click here)

Science Articles

Relativity: Swindle or Joke?

- Louis Essen
(click here)


Science in Peace and War

- Ivor B. N. Evans
(click here)

What are Physics and Philosophy?

- Sir James Jeans
(click here)

What is Science?

- Prof. H. Levy, M.A., D.Sc
(click here)


A Summary of Ronald Pearson's Theory

- Rory Macquisten
(click here)


The Enigma of Daniel D. Home: Trevor H. Hall

- Prof. Stephen Braude
(click here)

Archives of the Mind: Prof. Archie Roy

- David Lorimer
(click here)

Mesmerism and Christian Science: a short history of mental healing: Frank Podmore

- T. W. Mitchell
(click here)


Miracles and Modern Spiritualism: Alfred Russel Wallace

- Michael E. Tymn
(click here)

The Afterlife Experiments: Prof. Gary Schwartz

- Michael E. Tymn
(click here)

Voices in the Dark: Leslie Flint

- Michael E. Tymn
(click here)


From the SPR 

- Prof. Bernard Carr
(click here)

Response to the Critics 

- Prof. Bernard Carr
(click here)

Unfounded Allegations of Fraud at Scole

- Prof. David Fontana
(click here)

Putting the Record Straight 

- Prof. David Fontana
(click here)


No Evidence of Fraud at Scole

- Montague Keen
(click here)


Survival and the SPR

- Montague Keen
(click here)


Why is the Ark Review hostile to the Scole Report? 

- Montague Keen
(click here)


Does the SPR have a Corporate Policy?

- Ronald D. Pearson

(click here)


Is the SPR Serious about being Even-Handed?

- Ronald D. Pearson

(click here)


Letter to Psychic News

- Ronald D. Pearson

(click here)


Rejection letter from The Journal of Consciousness Studies

- Ronald D. Pearson

(click here)

A response to Victor Zammit

- John Poynton
(click here)


Letters to a Prestigious Science Journal

- Dean Radin, Michael Rossman and Brian Josephson

(click here)


Is there a Widening Division between Parapsychologists and Survivalists in the SPR?

- John Samson

(click here)


Is the SPR serious about Survival? 

- John Samson
(click here)

Reply to Michael Roll's Open Letter 

- John Samson
(click here)


© The International Survivalist Society 2003