Researching Maryland History

Documents about Maryland may be found at the State Archives publication series, Archives of Maryland Online.  Here you have access to over one million documents: laws, court records, legislative debates, newspaper notices, and much more, from earliest settlement to well into the twentieth century.

Some Sample Documents from the colonial period:
Documents about interactions between colonists and Indians in Charles County, 1692
Documents about a series of murders perpetrated by Indians in 1665
Several European and African servants murder their master, Baltimore County, 1671
Documents about a murder trial in 1653

The Maryland State Archives website also offers biographical information on people in Maryland's history.  Check out the Historical and Biographical Series at the Maryland State Archives. From this page you can link to St. Mary's City career files, which contain research notes about over 6,600 individuals in St. Mary's County, MD, in the colonial period based on provincial court records, probate records, and quitrent records.  

Dr. Lois Green Carr's Biographical Files of 17th and 18th Century Marylanders is a magnificent resource for information on colonial Marylanders.


Related Web links

Virtual Jamestown

Native American Accohannock Living Village (Maryland) 

Nanticoke Tribe Web Page

Maryland History from Colonial Times to the Present course syllabus

Web based courses on Maryland taught by Dr. Papenfuse of the Maryland Archives

Lost Towns Project (Anne Arundel County colonial towns)


Selected Bibliography on Early Maryland

James H. Merrell, "Cultural Continuity among the Piscataway Indians of Colonial Maryland,"  William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., 36, 4 (1979), 548-570.

Allan Kulikoff, "The Origins of Afro-American Society in Tidewater Maryland and Virginia, 1700 to 1790," Wlliam and Mary Quarterly, 3rd. Ser., 35, 2 (1978), pp. 226-259.

Robert J. Brugger, Maryland: A Middle Temperament, 1634-1980 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988).  Contains a very useful bibliography.

In addition to the many books and articles mentioned in Brugger, I want to draw your attention to:

Lois Green Carr, Philip D. Morgan, and Jean B. Russo, eds., Colonial Chesapeake Society (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, ).

Helen C. Rountree and Thomas E. Davidson, Eastern Shore Indians of Virginia and Maryland (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1997).

Helen C. Rountree, "Powhatan Indian Women: The People Captain John Smith Barely Saw," Ethnohistory 45, 1 (Winter 1998): 1-29.

Helen C. Rountree, ed., Powhatan Foreign Relations, 1500-1722 (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1993).

Peter H. Wood, "The Changing Population of the Colonial South: An Overview by Race and Region, 1685-1790," in Peter H. Wood, et. al., eds., Powhatan's Mantle: Indians in the Colonial Southeast (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1989): 35-103.

Allan Kulikoff, Tobacco and Slaves: The Development of Southern Cultures in the Chesapeake, 1680-1800 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986.

Anne Elizabeth Yentsch, A Chesapeake Family and their Slaves: A Study in Historical Archaeology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).

James H. Merrell, "'The Customes of Our Countrey': Indians and Colonists in Early America,"  in Bernard Bailyn and Philip D. Morgan, eds., Strangers within the Realm: Cultural Margins of the First British Empire (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991), 117-156.

Mary Beth Norton, Founding Mothers and Fathers: Gendered Power and the Forming of American Society (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996).  (discusses 17th century Maryland women in great detail)

Russsell R. Menard, "From Servant to Freeholder: Status Mobility and Property Accumulation in Seventeenth-Century Maryland," William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 30, 1 (1973), 37-64.

Lois G. Carr and Lorena S. Walsh, "The Planter's Wife: The Experience of White Women in Seventeenth-Century Maryland," William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 34 (1977), 542-71.

Gust Skordas, Early Settlers of Maryland (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1986).

John Camden Hotten, ed., Lists of Emigrants to America: 1600-1700 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1974).

Christine Daniels,"'Liberty to Complaine': Servant Petitions in Maryland, 1652-1789," in Christopher L. Tomlins and Bruce H. Mann, eds., The Many Legalities of Early America (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001), 219-49.

Numerous articles in the Maryland Historical Magazine.


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